Fashionable women on Villoldo sheet music, London and Paris, 1913-14

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Ray Batchelor writes:
“This is an illustration by A. Morel at the centre of some sheet music for the Villoldo tango ‘Elegancias’ reproduced in the book, ‘Paris Buenos Aires’ by Nardo Zalko and dated there as 1914. A full version of the same cover, dated 1913 and said to be published in Paris and London and reproduced in slightly differently colours is reproduced online here: http://www.vintagedanceimages.net/group31.html

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On 26th April I posted this image alongside the image on The Queer Tango Archive of Lucile’s mannequin parade, 1913, 000001 and wrote:
“Did fashionable women dance (or practice?) tango with each other at home in 1913?
At this distance in time, this might seem a mundane question. Yet if they did, this provides one concrete example, at least, with evidence, that women danced with each other for their own amusement and with not a man in sight.
This image repays careful reflection. It is a detail, a centrally placed sketch on some sheet music for a Villoldo tango “Elegancias”, published in Paris and London in 1913.
It is not like many images of women dancing with each other created at this time, in that it is not obviously meant to provide the conventional titillation of forbidden female flesh on flesh for the male gaze found in so many. It will have been created by a man (A. Morel, a man, I assume, here is all I could find by him https://uk.pinterest.com/pin/452330356301883844/ ) to make the music saleable. Who was it aimed at? Professional musicians, certainly, but what about the amateur market? There was a great deal of music making at home in both countries. Pianos were often a standard feature across the classes. Was it aimed at women themselves – or at least, not crafted to put them off by being risqué.
These women are not exposing large areas of flesh nor exhibiting knowing smiles. They are well-covered and wearing fashionable “tea gowns”. “Tea” happened in the afternoon and it was normally a women-only affair. Despite the picturesque grand, landscaped park setting, I suggest the implication of the image of these women in these dresses is that respectable, fashionable women might dance the most fashionable (and daring) of dances, the tango, with each other at home.
By way of supporting evidence, I have put beside it an image showing ‘mannequins’ or models dancing tango with each other in a parade for fashionable women also from 1913. Coincidentally, they are showing Lucile’s tea gowns:http://www.vam.ac.uk/…/2501…/lucile_aad-2008-06_20140723.pdf Self evidently, this public show of same-gender tango is meant to appeal to fashionable women so that they might imagine themselves dancing with each other at home in just such tea gowns.
Did they?
I know of little evidence at present that might tell us either way, but will keep it in mind as a potential balance to the welter of imagery showing men – away from home – dancing with each other.

I reflected further on this and other images in a paper, “Tango teas, trousers and autonomy: images of women dancing with each other in early twentieth century imagery” given at the PoP Moves + Popular Culture Research Unit Conference, “Im/mediate bodies: materiality and mediation in popular culture”, on 15th October 2016 at Kingston University near London, UK.

The American queer tango dancer, activist and artist, Laurie Ann Greenberg was inspired by this image to create art works of her own in the early 21st century. They were included in “The Queer Tango Book” (2015) http://queertangobook.org/. Here, in a blog post, she gives something of the background to her individual approach to the original image, explaining why a later version showing the women smiling is more in keeping with her own ideas about women dancing tango together: http://www.tangomujer.com/blog/2016/12/21/tango-paper-art

What do you believe the copyright status of this image to be?
Ray Batchelor believes: “The image is out of copyright.”

The image url:
http://www.vintagedanceimages.net/group31.html

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